How do we treat psychological trauma?
The ability to cope with traumatic situations depends on personality, character, previous experiences, the magnitude of the effect of the traumatic event and the support offered by others.
In the case of traumatized patients, early interventions have great advantages. They aim is reducing the stress, preventing the onset of PTSD, and chronicle it, and helping to avoid pathological reactions.
The most important aspects, that need to be taken into account regarding the reactions to trauma and loss, are that they are normal, they must be allowed to express themselves, and that they are part of a long-lasting process.
The process of trauma is developing over a long term. Even though the memories are no longer painful and suffering has decreased much in intensity, feelings of guilt and regret it’s possible to persist. In the traumatic process often, a pathological development occurs and sometimes the old symptoms can return.
The aim of trauma therapy is to support the client in the process of relieving suffering caused by loss and trauma (through the completion of the phases of the traumatic process or by mourning the loss).
Re-traumatization is one of the most often considered by the concerned professionals with the improvement of posttraumatic effects and stopping traumatization. The understanding of traumatic factors has generated a direction related to prevention, meaning the limitation of manifestations of traumatic factors and events, but also related to protection, meaning to stimulate human physical and psychic capacities, which are capable of limiting the effects of possible factors with traumatic potential.