Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is an evidenced-based practice that helps clients recover after trauma by seeking out negative thinking related to the event and challenging them. This model also provides space to develop a story around the experience, with the client being the author. This is a structured, short-term treatment model that effectively improves a range of trauma-related outcomes with the child or adolescent and caregiver.
This model also effectively addresses many other trauma symptoms, including anxiety or depression related to the trauma, cognitive and behavioral problems, as well as improving the participating parent’s or caregiver’s personal distress about the child’s traumatic experience, effective parenting skills, and supportive interactions with the child.
Early trauma can lead to guilt, anger, feelings of powerlessness, self-abuse, acting out behavior, and mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety. Post-traumatic stress disorder, which affects children and adults, can manifest in a number of ways, such as bothersome recurring thoughts about the traumatic experience, emotional numbness, sleep issues, concentration problems, and extreme physical and emotional responses to anything that triggers a memory of the trauma. By integrating the theories and techniques of several therapeutic interventions, TF-CBT can address and improve the symptoms of post-traumatic stress in youth.