Phobia is a marked fear or anxiety about a specific object or situation (e.g., flying, heights, animals, receiving an injection, seeing blood).
When a person has a phobia, they will often shape their lives to avoid what they consider to be dangerous. The imagined threat is greater than any actual threat posed by the cause of terror.
How many types are phobias?
There are three types of phobia:
Specific phobia: This is an intense, irrational fear of a specific trigger.
Social phobia or social anxiety: This is a profound fear of public humiliation and being singled out or judged by others in a social situation. The idea of large social gatherings is terrifying for someone with social anxiety. It is not the same as shyness.
Agoraphobia: Agoraphobia is defined by the fear of being alone in certain situations or places, especially in public places that can not be immediately deserted or in which the aid may not be available in a possible panic attack, a lift or out of the house. Fears usually lead to avoiding situations and places, for example being alone outside the house (in supermarkets, circulating streets, theaters, churches), being alone in a crowd, traveling alone by car, bus or the plane, or to be alone on a bridge or a lift. Sometimes, these people simply do not leave their home, or they are afraid to be alone at home. Some people are able to expose to the dreaded situations or places, but endure these experiences with considerable fear. Often, the person is more capable of confronting the dreaded situation or place when accompanied by someone (husband / wife, known persons). Avoidance of these situations and public places may affect their ability to move to work or to fulfill their domestic responsibilities (eg shopping, taking children to a doctor or kindergarten).