Depression is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.

Currently, there is no other widespread psychological disorder that affects all social backgrounds and age groups, as well as men and women, and is also steadily increasing, so it is conceived as “disease of the age”.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Depressed depression most of the day (feelings of sadness or inner void, lack of hope)
  • Loss of pleasure or interest in performing daily activities
  • The feeling of fatigue all the time or lack of energy almost every day
  • The feeling that any movement requires a great effort or on the contrary, feelings of restlessness and the inability to be quiet
  • Diminishing or increasing need for sleep (insomnia or hypersomnia)
  • Loss or weight loss visible after a change in appetite
  • Without apparent reason, there are feelings of guilt and devaluation
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Often, clinicians consult with people with general symptoms that can be difficult to attribute to depression. These commonly occurring symptoms in depression may be:

  • Digestive problems including diarrhea and constipation
  • Lack of movement or speech for hours
  • Loss of interest in sexual activity or inability to have a sexual life
  • Headaches and other pains with different locations
  • Easily crying
  • Sometimes a feeling of difficulty in the legs or arms

The isolated existence of a depressive disorder is not sufficient in the sense described above to diagnose a depression. It is necessary to always find more characteristic signs of disease in the same patient.

The acute phase of a depressive disorder may last days, a week, several weeks, months, half a year or more. Often we have clients complaining of limited “depressions” in the form of a short episode (hours, days, one, two weeks) that are primarily characterized by depressed mood These are not depressive illnesses in the narrow sense of the term, although it is a transitory situation and sometimes it is difficult to decide whether it is “just” an ailment to the sad pole or a “real illness.”

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